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[Pathophysiology of shock. New perspectives].

Authors
  • Jorge, Miguel A
  • Irrazábal, Célica L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medicina
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Volume
71
Issue
5
Pages
469–476
Identifiers
PMID: 22057178
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Metabolic activity can be down-regulated throughout the reduction of mitochondrial population. Lowering O2 demand in cardiogenic, hemorrhagic and septic shock is here examined through clinical observations and trials. A decrease in the availability of O will be followed by reductions in mitochondrial population and, therefore, in a decrease in O2 demand. This response may lessen or prevent the acquisition of an O2 debt; until now, cornerstone in the pathophysiology of shock. The cost of this adaptation is less energy production, and the resulting energy deficit has been linked to multiple organ failure (MOF), a complication of acute inflammatory processes and shock. MOF is better tolerated than anaerobic metabolism and is potentially reversible if the triggering causes are reversed and the energy level is re-established through mitochondrial biogenesis.Decoupling of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation occurs in both experimental models and in clinical septic shock. In critical patients this phenomenon may be detected by an inordinate increase in VO2 in response to a therapeutically increased DO. This hipermetabolic stage can be mistakenly interpreted as the repayment phase of an O2 debt.

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