Technological development was not able to keep the ecological balance in the planet in the 21st century, jeopardizing the survival of future generations, producing debates about the need for a new view of the world. Economical growth has been questioned; meanwhile, social development and environment preservation became part of rational principles which inform the defense of human rights and the cooperation amongst people all over the world, originating the concept of sustainable development. Knowing the past makes it possible to understand the present and settle action strategies that can modify the future. In this perception of the world, the preservation of memory is seen as a tool of character formation and historic subject of rights and duties capable of noticing the limits and possibilities of life in society. Memory, citizenship and education form the trivet for the cultural heritage preservation. The predominance of the world population in cities makes it possible to change the urban scenery into a space of education, heritage awareness and citizenship; once using technological development in the suitability of the patrimony to the present use, the political actors must be able to act towards the sustentability. The Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1998 established the democratic regimen of law and its practice by the people, both in direct and indirect form. It allowed the participation of society in public management, assured the preservation of environment and cultural heritage for future generations. Nevertheless, the Brazilian constitutional history showed how complex is the way between abstract rule and factual reality. Amongst the possibilities for the practice of direct democracy, there are the instances named County Councils - Conselhos Municipais. Referring to the Federal Constitution, which defined them as a municipality duty in its management, assuring the community cooperation in the process.