We examined the effects of the depletion of bile salts and of the intravenous infusion of sodium taurocholate (STC) with or without bromosulphophthalein (BSP) in rats on the biliary secretion of lipids to clarify the regulatory mechanism(s). Each rat was equipped with a bile-duct cannula to collect bile. After the endogenous bile salt pool was depleted, STC was infused at a constant rate (160 nmol/min per 100 g body wt.) with or without BSP (50, 100, or 150 nmol/min per 100 g body wt.). BSP reduced the biliary secretion of cholesterol and phospholipids dose-dependently without affecting the secretion of bile salts (uncoupling phenomenon). Compared with the physiological and STC-infused condition, the biliary cholesterol/phospholipid ratio and saturated/unsaturated fatty acid ratio increased under the bile salts depletion and uncoupling phenomenon. Data indicate that the hydrophobicity of biliary lecithin increases with a decrease in the bile salt micelle capacity to induce biliary lipid secretion, resulting in a higher packing density of biliary vesicle. The cholesterol-holding capacity of the biliary vesicle is therefore enhanced during the depletion of bile salts and the uncoupling phenomenon.