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Parent-Reported BIS/BAS Scales for Children: Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance Across Age and Gender.

Authors
  • Vervoort, Leentje1
  • De Caluwé, Elien2
  • Vandeweghe, Laura1
  • De Decker, Annelies1
  • Wante, Laura1
  • Van Beveren, Marie-Lotte1
  • Goossens, Lien1
  • Verbeken, Sandra1
  • Sioen, Isabelle1
  • Michels, Nathalie1
  • Braet, Caroline1
  • 1 Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. , (Belgium)
  • 2 Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Assessment
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2019
Volume
26
Issue
7
Pages
1282–1295
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1073191117739017
PMID: 29094612
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.

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