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Parenting and prenatal risk as moderators of genetic influences on conduct problems during middle childhood.

Authors
  • Marceau, Kristine1
  • Rolan, Emily1
  • Leve, Leslie D2
  • Ganiban, Jody M3
  • Reiss, David4
  • Shaw, Daniel S3
  • Natsuaki, Misaki N3
  • Egger, Helen L4
  • Neiderhiser, Jenae M3
  • 1 Department of Human Development and Family Studies.
  • 2 Prevention Science Institute.
  • 3 Department of Psychology.
  • 4 Child Study Center.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Developmental psychology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2019
Volume
55
Issue
6
Pages
1164–1181
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/dev0000701
PMID: 30843708
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examines interactions of heritable influences, prenatal substance use, and postnatal parental warmth and hostility on the development of conduct problems in middle childhood for boys and girls. Participants are 561 linked families, collected in 2 cohorts, including birth parents, adoptive parents, and adopted children. Heritable influences on internalizing and externalizing (including substance use) problems were derived from birth mothers' and fathers' symptoms, diagnoses, and age of onset from diagnostic interviews, and the proportion of first-degree relatives with the same type of problems. Smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and alcohol use during pregnancy were assessed retrospectively from birth mothers at 5 months postpartum. Earlier externalizing problems and parental warmth and hostility and were assessed at 1 assessment prior to the outcome (Cohort II: 4.5 years; Cohort I: 7 years). Conduct problems were symptoms from a diagnostic interview assessed at age 6 (Cohort II) or 8 (Cohort I). Findings from regression analyses suggest that (a) SDP plays an important role for the development of conduct problems, (b) some relatively well-accepted effects (e.g., parental hostility) were less important when simultaneously considering multiple factors influencing the development of conduct problems, and (c) main effects of genetic risk and SDP, and interactions among genetic risk and postnatal warmth, SDP and postnatal warmth, and genetic risk, SDP, and postnatal hostility for conduct problems were important for boys' but not girls' conduct problems. Replication is needed, but the current results provide preliminary but empirically grounded hypotheses for future research testing complex developmental models of conduct problems. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

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