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The Parent Trauma Response Questionnaire (PTRQ): development and preliminary validation.

Authors
  • Williamson, Victoria1, 2
  • Hiller, Rachel M1
  • Meiser-Stedman, Richard3
  • Creswell, Cathy2
  • Dalgleish, Tim4
  • Fearon, Pasco5
  • Goodall, Ben4
  • McKinnon, Anna4
  • Smith, Patrick6
  • Wright, Isobel4
  • Halligan, Sarah L1
  • 1 Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
  • 2 School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK.
  • 3 Department of Clinical Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
  • 4 Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit and Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.
  • 5 Department of Clinical, Education and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.
  • 6 Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of psychotraumatology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Volume
9
Issue
1
Pages
1478583–1478583
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2018.1478583
PMID: 29938010
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

背景:在儿童遭受创伤之后,父母的反应在促进或阻碍儿童的心理调整方面发挥着重要作用。 然而,由于缺乏有效和可靠的测量方法,要考察创伤后期父母反应的作用不免受到阻碍。目标:本研究的目的是设计并初步验证《父母创伤反应问卷(PTRQ)》,这是一项用于在儿童创伤后,父母自我报告对儿童应对状况的评估和支持的测量工具。方法:我们对365名被试施测了一套有78题目的初始问卷,被试都是经历过创伤性事件的2-19岁的儿童的父母。 我们进行了主轴因子分析,然后通过与父母过度保护的标准化问卷对比评估减少题目后的问卷效度,以及与儿童创伤后心理健康的关联。结果:因子分析产生了三个队父母适应不良评估的测量因素:(i)永久变化/损害,(ii)集中于儿童的脆弱性,以及(iii)自责。 另外,识别五个因素来评估父母对儿童应对的支持:(i)行为逃避,(ii)认知回避,(iii)过度保护,(iv)保持创伤前日常,以及(v)趋近应对。 父母过度保护和儿童创伤后应激症状的测量验证了问卷具有良好的效度。 该问卷还显示出了的良好重测信度。结论:PTRQ是在儿童创伤后的父母认知和应对的有效可靠的自评测量工具。.

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