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Parent Psychopathology and Neurocognitive Functioning in Children With ADHD.

Authors
  • Agha, Sharifah Shameem1, 2
  • Zammit, Stanley1, 3
  • Thapar, Anita1
  • Langley, Kate1
  • 1 Cardiff University, UK.
  • 2 Cwm Taf University Health Board, UK.
  • 3 University of Bristol, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2020
Volume
24
Issue
13
Pages
1836–1846
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1087054717718262
PMID: 28691604
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the association between parent mental health (ADHD and depression) and offspring performance on neurocognitive tasks in children with ADHD. Method: The clinical sample consisted of 570 children (85% males, mean age: 10.77 years) with ADHD who completed neurocognitive tasks measuring working memory, attention set-shifting, and motivational deficits. Questionnaire measures were used to assess ADHD and depression symptom presence in parents. Results: Controlling for ADHD severity, children of parents with ADHD had poorer working memory (B = -0.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-0.45, -0.07], p = .01) and increased errors on the extra dimensional shift stage of the set-shifting task (B = 0.26 95% CI [0.02, 0.50], p = .04). Parent depression was not associated with offspring performance on any of the assessed neurocognitive tasks. Conclusion: Children with ADHD who have a parent with ADHD symptom presence are a subgroup of children who may have additional neurocognitive impairments that have potential implications when implementing interventions that target cognition and learning.

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