Stomata open in response to red and blue light. Red light-induced stomatal movement is mediated by guard cell chloroplasts and related to K+-uptake into these motor cells. We have combined a new type of microchlorophyll fluorometer with the patch-clamp technique for parallel studies of the photosynthetic electron transport and activity of plasma membrane K+ channels in single guard cell protoplast. In the whole-cell configuration and presence of ATP in the patch-pipette, the activity of the K+-uptake channels remained constant throughout the course of an experiment (up to 30 min) while photosynthetic activity declined to about 50%. In the absence of ATP inward K+ currents declined in a time-dependent manner. Under these ATP-free conditions, photosynthetic electron transport was completely blocked within 8 min. ADP together with orthophosphate was able to prevent inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport and run-down of K+-channel activity. The results demonstrate that the combination of these two techniques is suited to directly study cytosolic factors as common regulators of photosynthesis and plasma membrane transport within a single-cell.