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Parallel disease activity of Behçet’s disease with renal and entero involvements: a case report

Authors
  • Watanabe-Kusunoki, Kanako1
  • Kato, Masaru2
  • Oki, Yotaro1
  • Shimizu, Tetsuo1
  • Kusunoki, Yoshihiro1
  • Furukawa, Shota1
  • Furukawa, Shin1
  • Kitakawa, Hirohiko1
  • Sakai, Kiyoshi1
  • 1 Kushiro Red Cross Hospital, 21-14, Shinei-cho, Kushiro, 085-8512, Japan , Kushiro (Japan)
  • 2 Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan , Sapporo (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Nephrology
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Apr 07, 2021
Volume
22
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12882-021-02327-9
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundBehçet’s disease (BD) is a systemic inflammatory vasculitis with both autoimmune and autoinflammatory properties. Renal involvement in BD and its spontaneous remission have been rare. We herein describe a case of parallel disease activity of BD with entero and renal involvements, followed by a spontaneous remission without corticosteroid treatment.Case presentationA 54-year-old woman who had a 4-year history of BD, maintained with colchicine treatment, suffered abdominal pain, hemorrhagic stool and diarrhea. Physical examination revealed strong tenderness in the entire abdomen. Laboratory test results showed increased levels of inflammation, and a computed tomography scan revealed edematous intestinal wall thickening with ascites. Blood and stool cultures showed no specific findings. Since she was suspected to have developed panperitonitis with acute enterocolitis, she started treatment with an antibacterial agent under bowel rest. Her abdominal symptoms gradually improved, while diarrhea and high levels of inflammatory reaction persisted. Colonoscopy revealed discontinuous abnormal mucosal vascular patterns and ulcerations in the whole colon except for the rectum, and histological analyses of the intestine demonstrated transmural mucosal infiltration of inflammatory cells without epithelioid granuloma or amyloid deposition. Based on these findings, she was diagnosed with entero BD. Meanwhile, pedal edema appeared during her hospitalization. Urinalysis results were consistent with nephrotic syndrome, thus a renal biopsy was performed. Light microscopy showed no obvious glomerular and interstitial abnormalities, whereas electron microscopy revealed foot process effacement without immune complex deposition or fibrillary structure, compatible with minimal change disease (MCD). Only with conservative therapy, her proteinuria decreased, followed by a complete remission in 3 weeks from the onset of edema. The coincident episode of MCD was finally diagnosed as renal BD that paralleled disease activity to entero BD. She started adalimumab administration, resulting in the further improvement of diarrhea and inflammatory levels.ConclusionsThis is the first report to demonstrate MCD as renal involvement of BD along with the disease activity of entero BD.

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