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Paediatric gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary radiology: why do we need subspecialists, and what is new?

Authors
  • Watson, Tom A.1
  • Barber, Joy2
  • Woodley, Helen3
  • 1 Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JH, UK , London (United Kingdom)
  • 2 St. George’s Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK , London (United Kingdom)
  • 3 Leeds Teaching Hospital NHS Trust, Leeds, UK , Leeds (United Kingdom)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric Radiology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 20, 2021
Volume
51
Issue
4
Pages
554–569
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00247-020-04778-y
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

We present the case for subspecialisation in paediatric gastrointestinal and hepato-pancreatico-biliary radiology. We frame the discussion around a number of questions: What is different about the paediatric patient and paediatric gastrointestinal system? What does the radiologist need to do differently? And finally, what can be translated from these subspecialty areas into everyday practice? We cover conditions that the sub-specialist might encounter, focusing on entities such as inflammatory bowel disease and hepatic vascular anomalies. We also highlight novel imaging techniques that are a focus of research in the subspecialties, including contrast-enhanced ultrasound, MRI motility, magnetisation transfer factor, and magnetic resonance elastography.

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