# On the p-reinforcement and the complexity

- Authors
- Type
- Preprint
- Publication Date
- Apr 18, 2012
- Submission Date
- Apr 18, 2012
- Identifiers
- arXiv ID: 1204.4013
- Source
- arXiv
- License
- Yellow
- External links

## Abstract

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph and $p$ be a positive integer. A subset $S\subseteq V$ is called a $p$-dominating set if each vertex not in $S$ has at least $p$ neighbors in $S$. The $p$-domination number $\g_p(G)$ is the size of a smallest $p$-dominating set of $G$. The $p$-reinforcement number $r_p(G)$ is the smallest number of edges whose addition to $G$ results in a graph $G'$ with $\g_p(G')<\g_p(G)$. In this paper, we give an original study on the $p$-reinforcement, determine $r_p(G)$ for some graphs such as paths, cycles and complete $t$-partite graphs, and establish some upper bounds of $r_p(G)$. In particular, we show that the decision problem on $r_p(G)$ is NP-hard for a general graph $G$ and a fixed integer $p\geq 2$.