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Oxidative stress during ex vivo hemodialysis of blood is decreased by a novel hemolipodialysis procedure utilizing antioxidants.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Free Radical Biology and Medicine
0891-5849
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
33
Issue
2
Pages
248–258
Identifiers
PMID: 12106820
Source
Medline

Abstract

The high cardiovascular mortality in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) has been attributed, in part, to oxidative stress. Here we examined the effectiveness of antioxidants introduced by means of a novel hemolipodialysis (HLD) procedure in terms of reducing oxidative stress during ex vivo blood circulation. Oxidative stress was studied in a model HD system resembling the extracorporeal circulation of blood during clinical HD. Blood circulation produced an increase of up to 280% in free hemoglobin levels and an increase of 320% in electronegative LDL (LDL(-)) subfraction. A significant correlation between LDL(-) and free hemoglobin levels confirmed previous findings that LDL(-) formation during ex vivo circulation of blood can be mediated by the oxidative activity of free hemoglobin. These effects were significantly attenuated during HLD using a dialysis circuit containing vitamin E with or without vitamin C. By contrast, HLD with vitamin C alone had a marked pro-oxidant effect. TBARS, lipid hydroperoxides, vitamin E and beta-carotene content in LDL were not significantly altered by the HD procedure. These findings demonstrate the occurrence of oxidative stress in human plasma where lipoproteins are a target and indicate antioxidant-HLD treatment as a specific new approach to decreasing the adverse oxidative stress frequently associated with cardiovascular complications in high-risk populations of uremic patients.

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