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Oxidative defense enzyme activity and mRNA levels in lenses of diabetic rats.

Authors
  • Khanna, P
  • Wang, L
  • Perez-Polo, R J
  • Ansari, N H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of toxicology and environmental health
Publication Date
Aug 29, 1997
Volume
51
Issue
6
Pages
541–555
Identifiers
PMID: 9242227
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examines the mRNA expression and enzyme activity of oxidative defense enzymes during the course of streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic cataract development. Diabetes was produced in 5-wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats by administering streptozotocin ip and mRNA expression and enzyme activity were monitored on d 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 40, 60, and 80; concomitantly, the onset and progress of cataract was followed by digital image analysis. Peak enzyme activity and mRNA expression were attained between d 20 and 40. Although catalase and glutathione peroxidase maintained high levels of mRNA expression through d 60, induction of CuZu-superoxide dismutase was transient, with the activity and mRNA levels returning to baseline values by d 40. There was a pronounced increase in aldose reductase activity, which gradually declined to basal levels by d 60; however, the mRNA levels remained unaltered. Other changes included a progressive loss of lenticular transparency, which declined to 40% of control by d 80. The role of antioxidant defense enzymes and, more interestingly, aldose reductase in combating oxidative stress in diabetic cataractogenesis is discussed.

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