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Oviposition behaviour of the soil mite Pergamasus brevicornis (Acari: Parasitidae).

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Experimental and Applied Acarology
1572-9702
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Volume
60
Issue
3
Pages
403–409
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10493-013-9677-7
PMID: 23417705
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We observed the oviposition behaviour of the soil mite Pergamasus brevicornis Berlese (Acari: Parasitidae) using continuous video-monitoring. Oviposition consisted of six sequential phases. The first phase (I) involved inspection of the substrate. In the second phase (II) there were rhythmic movements of the first pair of legs and slight reciprocating movements of the body. The third (III) was a resting phase. In the fourth phase (IV) the gnathosoma was lowered and the body was raised. In the next phase (V) there were two sub-phases. During the first (Va), the female held the egg below the gnathosoma. In the second sub-phase (Vb), the gnathosoma moved up holding the egg, which was then placed on the substrate. The last phase (VI) involved intense 'cleaning' movements of the chelicerae and palps. During Va a protective external eggshell structure is gradually formed, involving a phase where the egg shell is sticky. After moving the egg to the substrate, the female freed her palps and chelicerae from the sticky egg shell and cleaned her gnathosomal appendages. Phases II-V took on average 207 ± 69 s.

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