Overview of Polyethylene Based Multi-layered Geomembrane Through Blown Extrusion Process

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Overview of Polyethylene Based Multi-layered Geomembrane Through Blown Extrusion Process

  • Halake, Kantappa
  • Sharma, Sanjay
  • Jain, Gaurav
Published Article
E3S Web of Conferences
EDP Sciences
Publication Date
Feb 17, 2023
DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202336802013
EDP Sciences
  • TECHNICAL PAPERS: Barriers and Hydraulics
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Geomembranes are low-permeable liners used to control the molecular migration in many proven applications. Landfills is most common application in the field of civil and environmental engineering. Geomembrane is the main component in lining system which works as hydraulic barrier. The polyolefins are the basic materials of liner and more commonly polypropylene and polyethylene are preferred. Commercial manufacturing process involves extrusion techniques viz cast extrusion and blown extrusion process. The individual process is designed for multiple layered structures which are then coextruded to lead into a single liner. Typical structure comprises, high to low-density polyethylene (PE) resin, processing aids, stabilisers to retard the degradation through ultra-violet rays, photo-oxidation, and thermal oxidation. The stabilizer is usually used in smaller dosses to avoid degradations which includes, 2 to 3% carbon-black (CB), 0.5 to 1% antioxidants (AO), and plasticizing additives to introduce the flexibility. During the process, components are homogenised in specially designed screws of feeding and mixing zones. The formulated melt is co-extruded through specially designed die of multi-layered structures. The subsequent melt enters in circular die with a certain pressure which leads to bubbled shaped films. The variation in the surface morphology layer structure and layer number are the important technical aspects to alter the required end application. Finally, manufactured geomembrane is qualified as per the international specifications which are governed by geosynthetic research institute (GSI/GRI).

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