The paper addresses a general survey of contemporary Mongolian politics. The scope of the paper thus is the constitutional design and actual dynamics of contemporary Mongolian politics. Firstly, an overview of Mongolian political and constitutional history is provided. Then the paper shows the Mongolian politics and constitutional system in general and briefly describes governmental structure. In the final part of the paper, the results of the National Parliament election held in June 2004 are summarized. Generally, the author believes that this short paper will serve as an introductory guide to those who are not so familiar with current Mongolian politics.