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Over-the-top and under the radar

Authors
  • Flensburg, Sofie1
  • 1 University of Copenhagen, Denmark , (Denmark)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nordicom Review
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Mar 21, 2021
Volume
42
Issue
1
Pages
93–108
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/nor-2021-0022
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The article traces the evolution of over-the-top (OTT) services in order to analyse how the growing use of Internet distribution influences the structural conditions and institutional arrangements in Denmark. This story is told in four parts: first, I outline how the shift from postal services to e-mail restructured the conditions for asynchronous one-to-one communication; second, I examine the introduction of web-based services and the declining role of the press as gatekeeper for asynchronous one-to-many communication; third, I focus on the impact of mobile broadband and smartphones on synchronous one-to-one communication and the telecommunications sector; and fourth, I analyse the emergence of streaming technologies and the reorganisation of synchronous one-to-many communication and broadcasting. Building on these examples, I argue that key welfare state principles have come under pressure and that research tends to underestimate the fundamental transformations of the institutional order.

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