PC12 cells express well cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptors (CI-MPR), but not cation-dependent (CD)-MPR as much. To examine CD-MPR dependency of transport of cathepsins B and D to lysosomes in PC12 cells, we prepared the cells overexpressing CD-MPR. Immunoreactivity for cathepsin B became more distinct and larger in size in the transfected cells than in wild-type cells. No difference in the distribution of cathepsin D was seen between these two cells. The viability of the cells following serum deprivation was significantly higher in the transfected cells than in wild-type cells. This increased viability of the transfected cells was blocked by CA074, a specific inhibitor of cathepsin B, while pepstatin A suppressed the action of CA074. The results suggest that CD-MPR preferentially transport cathepsin B in PC12 cells, and cathepsins B and D participate in the regulation of PC12 cell apoptosis.