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Overexpression of ABI5 Binding Proteins Suppresses Inhibition of Germination Due to Overaccumulation of DELLA Proteins.

  • Finkelstein, Ruth R
  • Lynch, Tim J
Publication Date
May 01, 2022
eScholarship - University of California
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Abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellic acid (GA) antagonistically regulate many aspects of plant growth, including seed dormancy and germination. The effects of these hormones are mediated by a complex network of positive and negative regulators of transcription. The DELLA family of proteins repress GA response, and can promote an ABA response via interactions with numerous regulators, including the ABA-insensitive (ABI) transcription factors. The AFP family of ABI5 binding proteins are repressors of the ABA response. This study tested the hypothesis that the AFPs also interact antagonistically with DELLA proteins. Members of these protein families interacted weakly in yeast two-hybrid and bimolecular fluorescence complementation studies. Overexpression of AFPs in sleepy1, a mutant that over-accumulates DELLA proteins, suppressed DELLA-induced overaccumulation of storage proteins, hyperdormancy and hypersensitivity to ABA, but did not alter the dwarf phenotype of the mutant. The interaction appeared to reflect additive effects of the AFPs and DELLAs, consistent with action in convergent pathways.

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