The present study tested the hypothesis that mice exposed to Schistosoma mansoni and treated with the insecticide Larvin have an increased risk of accelerated liver damage. To investigate this hypothesis, adverse effects resulting from treatment with Larvin were compared between S. mansoni-exposed and nonexposed outbred albino mice. The effects of concurrent treatment with Larvin on the progress and outcomes of S. mansoni infection were assessed via macroscopic and microscopic examination of liver and spleen, evaluation of several hematological, biochemical and hepatic enzymes parameters, and effect on worm burden. Oral administration of 1/5 and 1/10 LD(50) of Larvin to S. mansoni-exposed mice induced (1) hepatomegaly and splenomegaly; (2) prominent lymphocytic aggregation in liver replacing large areas of bridging necrosis; (3) increased serum level of bilirubin and alanine aminotransferase-aspartate aminotransferase enzymes; (4) decreased serum level of albumin and total proteins; and (5) decreased RBC, hemoglobin content, leukocyte, and lymphocyte counts. No significant effect on worm burden or oviposition was noted as a result of Larvin treatment compared to controls. All doses used in mice either for infection with S. mansoni cercariae or treatment with Larvin resulted in dose dependent alterations in hepatic functions of the tested mice. These alterations were most profound in mice exposed to S. mansoni and receiving Larvin treatment. The present findings support our hypothesis and show that concurrent S. mansoni infection with exposure to Larvin adversely affect liver functions and seriously alter hematological, biochemical, and hepatic enzymes parameters in outbred albino mice. These findings warrant further investigation and reinforce the need to minimize exposure to insecticide in both natural field settings and the broader environment.