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Outcomes following Craniosynostosis Surgery at a Tertiary Care Center in the Middle East

Authors
  • Najjar, Omar
  • AbouChebel, Naji
  • Zeeni, Carine
  • Najjar, Marwan W.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric Neurosurgery
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Apr 21, 2021
Volume
56
Issue
3
Pages
239–247
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000515637
PMID: 33882504
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Background: Despite advancements in craniosynostosis surgery, open surgical approaches remain crucial for the management of infants >6 months of age and in those with complex synostosis. The clinical features of craniosynostosis remain poorly characterized in the Middle East. This study sought to assess the clinical features and outcomes of infants undergoing craniosynostosis surgery at a tertiary care center in Lebanon. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all patients who underwent craniosynostosis surgery from December 2006 to December 2018 at the American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon. Clinicodemographic characteristics, complications, and recurrence outcomes were recorded and evaluated using descriptive statistics. Results: Thirty-five infants met the inclusion criteria, with a mean age of 9.0 ± 4.0 months. The most common site of suture involvement was metopic (28.6%), followed by unilateral coronal (25.7%), sagittal (20.0%), bicoronal (8.6%), and multiple sites (17.1%). Five patients (14.3%) had syndromic synostosis. Median estimated blood loss was 200 mL, and median volume of transfused packed red blood cells was 180 mL. Two patients (5.7%) experienced postoperative complications, including postoperative blood transfusion (n = 1)and wire protrusion requiring removal (n = 1). Three patients (8.6%) required reoperation: 2 (5.7%) for resynostosis and 1 for traumatic fracture repair. Caregivers of all patients reported high satisfaction with cosmetic outcomes 4 weeks postoperatively. Conclusions: With appropriate perioperative precautions, open craniosynostosis surgery can be performed with minimal complications, low recurrence rates, and satisfactory cosmetic outcomes. Additional population-level data are needed to better characterize craniosynostosis patterns and outcomes in the Middle East.

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