Administration of vasoactive drugs intracavernously is a well-known easily used and inexpensive alternative in treatment of a certain group of patients with erectile dysfunction. There are a few drugs used for this purpose, but we prefer papaverine as the first choice because it is easily available and inexpensive in our country. We used alprostadil only in nonresponders to papaverine or if there was any complication with papaverine. We present a series of 69 patients, 24 with psychogenic (34.8%), 27 with organic (39.1%), and 18 (26.1) with mixed etiology of erectile dysfunction, treated with intracavernous self-injection therapy. Mean follow-up of the patients was 13.6 months (7-30 months). In this study, 3,430 papaverine and 780 alprostadil injections were performed in 56 and 13 patients, respectively. In 75% of the papaverine injections and in 83% of the alprostadil injections, erections were achieved sufficient for sexual intercourse. During the follow-up, there were not any abnormal alterations in liver function tests. The main complaint of the patients who used papaverine was a burning sensation (98%) during administration of the drug, which did not last more than 1 minute. Of 13 patients in the alprostadil group, 56.9% of the patients complained mainly of discomfort during erection. We concluded that intracavernous therapy is a good and inexpensive option in the management of erectile dysfunction in carefully selected patients.