Surgical treatment of the megaureter in adults is only indicated when important symptoms and/or complications occur. The Authors report their experience with eight adult patients affected by megaureter, undergone to conservative surgery. The average age of the patients was 36 years (range 21-52). The disease was unilateral in five cases (four on the right side and one on the left), bilateral in three. In five patients megaureter was primary (obstructed in four, refluxing in one). A case of megaureter with ectopic orifice in the prostatic urethra was observed. The remaining two cases, already operated in other hospitals, were a segmentary megaureter associated with vesico-ureteral reflux secondary to endoscopic incision of an ureterocele and a bilateral refluxing megaureter in a patient undergone to bilateral ureterocystoneostomy because of primary megaureter in his childhood. All patients underwent ureterocystoneostomy, performed with Politano-Leadbetter antireflux technique in six cases and with direct non-antireflux technique in two. A reductive Hendren ureteroplasty was also performed in 7 cases. The average length of follow-up is actually of 82 months (range 5-231). Satisfactory results were obtained in three primary obstructed megaureters, in the megaureter with ectopic orifice and in the segmentary megaureter associated with reflux. In two patients with refluxing megaureter surgery was unsuccessful and a new operation was necessary. Finally, one patient with primary obstructed megaureter underwent endoscopic dilatation of the strictured vesico-ureteral anastomosis two months after the ureterocystoneostomy.