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Osteosynthesis in facial bone fractures using miniplates: clinical and experimental studies.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Publication Date
Volume
46
Issue
1
Pages
10–14
Identifiers
PMID: 3422264
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Miniplates were used in the treatment of 66 patients with facial bone fractures. Follow-up (mean, 12 months) disclosed that complications occurred only in cases of mandibular fracture: there were five instances of wound dehiscence, two of infection, and two of occlusal disharmony. Loading tests on the mandibles of dogs which had undergone segmental resection showed that a dynamic compression plate gives rigid fixation, although this appeared to be due to the rigidity of the thick plate itself, rather than the compressive force. When mandibular continuity was restored with a graft, the miniplates provided considerable rigidity.

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