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The osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells in alginate-gelatin/Nano-hydroxyapatite microcapsules

  • Alipour, Mahdieh1
  • Firouzi, Nima2
  • Aghazadeh, Zahra1
  • Samiei, Mohammad1
  • Montazersaheb, Soheila1
  • Khoshfetrat, Ali Baradar2
  • Aghazadeh, Marziyeh1
  • 1 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , Tabriz (Iran)
  • 2 Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran , Tabriz (Iran)
Published Article
BMC Biotechnology
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jan 11, 2021
DOI: 10.1186/s12896-020-00666-3
Springer Nature


BackgroundMicrocapsule is considered as a promising 3D microenvironment for Bone Tissue Engineering (BTE) applications. Microencapsulation of cells in an appropriate scaffold not only protected the cells against excess stress but also promoted cell proliferation and differentiation. Through the current study, we aimed to microcapsulate the human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (hDPSCs) and evaluated the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of those cells by using MTT assay, qRT-PCR, Alkaline phosphatase, and Alizarine Red S.ResultsThe SEM results revealed that Alg/Gel microcapsules containing nHA showed a rough and more compact surface morphology in comparison with the Alg/Gel microcapsules. Moreover, the microencapsulation by Alg/Gel/nHA could improve cell proliferation and induce osteogenic differentiation. The cells cultured in the Alg/Gel and Alg/Gel/nHA microcapsules showed 1.4-fold and 1.7-fold activity of BMP-2 gene expression more in comparison with the control group after 21 days. The mentioned amounts for the BMP-2 gene were 2.5-fold and 4-fold more expression for the Alg/Gel and Alg/Gel/nHA microcapsules after 28 days. The nHA, addition to hDPSCs-laden Alg/Gel microcapsule, could up-regulate the bone-related gene expressions of osteocalcin, osteonectin, and RUNX-2 during the 21 and 28 days through the culturing period, too. Calcium deposition and ALP activities of the cells were observed in accordance with the proliferation results as well as the gene expression analysis.ConclusionThe present study demonstrated that microencapsulation of the hDPSCs inside the Alg/Gel/nHA hydrogel could be a potential approach for regenerative dentistry in the near future.Graphical abstract

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