1. Training must be provided to each newly hired employee before that employee can work in a risk environment. Current staff must be trained annually, and additional training must be provided when infection control or universal precaution techniques are revised. 2. Training should include written material, oral presentations, films, videos, computer programs, and audio tapes at the employee's educational, literacy, and language level. Interactive discussion between the trainer and employees is required. 3. Employee evaluation should consist of written pretraining and posttraining tests and a practical demonstration of steps to protect against infectious diseases in the workplace.