Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice in patients with end-stage renal disease. Heterotopic kidney transplantation is the most common technique used. Some patients with severe vascular pathology of iliac vessels or retained iliac fossae after previous transplantations are no more candidates for heterotopic kidney transplantation. In these patients, the orthotopic kidney transplantation represents an appropriate alternative. We present a patient with end-stage renal disease and severe atherosclerosis of iliac vessels which preclude heterotopic transplantation. In our patient a successful orthotopic kidney transplantation was done.