We report on a 46-year old man suffering from the oropharyngeal form of human anthrax. The patient presented with a sore throat and extensive swelling of the right neck, the oropharynx and especially the right tonsil. The skin of the mandibular and submandibular region showed vesicular lesions followed by ulcerations resulting in a blackish eschar. The diagnosis was verified by bacteriological culture. Thus, in cases of known exposure, in areas where anthrax is endemic or in immigrant workers coming from such areas, infection with bacillus anthracis should be included in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory oedematous lesions of the oropharynx.