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The Origins Space Telescope

Authors
  • Nordt, A.
  • Corsetti, J.
  • Stevenson, K.
  • Petach, M.
  • Bell, R.
  • Seals, L.
  • Folta, D.
  • Leisawitz, D.
  • Pohner, J.
  • Beltran, P.
  • Fantano, L.
  • Hilliard, L.
  • East, M.
  • Kaltenegger, L.
  • Roellig, T.
  • Mather, J.C.
  • Petro, S.
  • Bauer, J.
  • Gerin, M.
  • Melnick, G.
  • And 82 more
Publication Date
Aug 11, 2019
Source
NASA Technical Reports Server
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The Origins Space Telescope will trace the history of our origins from the time dust and heavy elements permanently altered the cosmic landscape to present-day life. How did galaxies evolve from the earliest galactic systems to those found in the universe today? How do habitable planets form? How common are life-bearing worlds? To answer these alluring questions, Origins will operate at mid- and far-infrared wavelengths and offer powerful spectroscopic instruments and sensitivity three orders of magnitude better than that of Herschel, the largest telescope flown in space to date. After a 3 year study, the Origins Science and Technology Definition Team will recommend to the Decadal Survey a concept for Origins with a 5.9-m diameter telescope cryo cooled to 4.5 K and equipped with three scientific instruments. A mid-infrared instrument (MISC-T) will measure the spectra of transiting exoplanets in the 2.8 20 m wavelength range and offer unprecedented sensitivity, enabling definitive biosignature detections. The Far-IR Imager Polarimeter (FIP) will be able to survey thousands of square degrees with broadband imaging at 50 and 250 m. The Origins Survey Spectrometer (OSS) will cover wavelengths from 25 588 m, make wide-area and deep spectroscopic surveys with spectral resolving power R ~ 300, and pointed observations at R ~ 40,000 and 300,000 with selectable instrument modes. Origins was designed to minimize complexity. The telescope has a Spitzer-like architecture and requires very few deployments after launch. The cryo-thermal system design leverages JWST technology and experience. A combination of current-state-of-the-art cryocoolers and next-generation detector technology will enable Origins natural background limited sensitivity.

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