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Organizational attributes of practices successful at a disease management program.

Authors
  • Cloutier, Michelle M1
  • Wakefield, Dorothy B
  • Tsimikas, John
  • Hall, Charles B
  • Tennen, Howard
  • Brazil, Kevin
  • 1 Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of pediatrics
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2009
Volume
154
Issue
2
Pages
290–295
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.08.014
PMID: 18835488
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To assess the contribution of organizational factors to implementation of 3 asthma quality measures: enrollment in a disease management program, development of a written treatment plan, and prescription of severity-appropriate anti-inflammatory therapy. A total of 138 pediatric clinicians and 247 office staff in 13 urban clinics and 23 nonurban private practices completed questionnaires about their practice's organizational characteristics (eg, leadership, communication, perceived effectiveness, job satisfaction). 94% of the clinicians and 92% of the office staff completed questionnaires. When adjusted for confounders, greater practice activity and perceived effectiveness in meeting family needs were associated with higher rates of enrollment in the Easy Breathing program, whereas higher scores for 3 organizational characteristics--communication timeliness, decision authority, and job satisfaction--were associated with both higher enrollment and a greater number of written treatment plans. None of the organizational characteristics was associated with greater use of anti-inflammatory therapy. Three organizational characteristics predicted 2 quality asthma measures: use of a disease management program and creation of a written asthma treatment plan. If these organizational characteristics were amenable to change, then our findings could help focus interventions in areas of effective and acceptable organizational change.

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