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An organizational approach to the Philippine migration industry: recruiting, matching and tailoring migrant domestic workers

Authors
  • Debonneville, Julien1
  • 1 Institute for Gender Studies, University of Geneva, 40, bd du Pont d’Arve, Geneva, 1205, Switzerland , Geneva (Switzerland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Comparative Migration Studies
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Mar 29, 2021
Volume
9
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40878-020-00220-2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

This article analyses how organizations shape migration trajectories. More specifically, by looking at the Philippine migration industry, this ethnographic research highlights how organizations such as recruitment agencies, and governmental organizations, frame migration trajectories in terms of directionality, spatiality, but also by marketing migrants in the case of domestic workers. By looking at organization’s rationalities, it shows how migration flows have become institutionalized and ruled by organizations based on economic and protection rationalities in order to remain competitive on the global domestic labor market. Moreover, it underlines the crucial role played by these organizations to ensure the matching between the employers and the employee. This article highlights thus how agencies proceed by mobilizing migrant sociodemographic data to market skills such as docility, hardworking and flexibility. In addition, this research describes in detail how age, religion, marital status become key information mobilized by agencies in order to market migrants, meet employers’ expectations, and remain competitive on the global market of domestic labor. Finally, this article emphasizes the contribution of the organizational approach in the field of migration studies.

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