Affordable Access

Organic horticulture: a current demand, whose proper management is the only guarantee of safe food

Authors
  • Pinto Ferreira, Fernanda
  • Lemos Freire, Roberta
  • Teles Caldart, Eloiza
  • Pereira Paschoal, Aline Ticiani
  • Bahr Arias, Gabriela
  • Alves Ladeia, Winni
  • Mitsuka Breganó, Regina
  • Teodorico Navarro, Italmar
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Source
DIALNET
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the contamination by Escherichia coli in irrigation water and parasites in leafy vegetables cultivated in small organic horticultural properties and to investigate the critical points during cultivation. The study was carried out between July 2014 and May 2016 in 21 horticultural properties in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Two samples of leafy vegetables and one sample of irrigation water were collected per property. Water samples were analyzed by the chromogenic substrate technique to evaluate contamination by total coliforms and Escherichia coli, and the vegetables were evaluated by the techniques of Willis (1921), Hoffman et al. (1934) and Faust et al. (1939) for parasite contamination. The presence of E. coli was observed in 80.95% (17/21) of the water samples; with respect to vegetables, 45.23% (19/42) contained at least one parasite species, such as: hookworms, Chilomatix spp., Dipyllidium spp., Entamoeba spp., Strongyloides spp., Trichuris spp., nematode larva, non-sporulated oocyst. There was a statistical association between the fate of the sewage (dry sewage) and the positivity to the parasites. The data show fecal contamination in a significant number of samples and confirm the need for greater sanitary requirements during the cultivation of leafy vegetables, which are mostly consumed raw.  / O estudo foi realizado entre julho de 2014 e maio de 2016, em 21 propriedades hortícolas do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Foram coletadas duas amostras de vegetais folhosos e uma amostra de água de irrigação por propriedade. As amostras de água foram analisadas pela técnica do substrato cromogênico para avaliar a contaminação por coliformes totais e Escherichia coli, e os vegetais foram avaliados pelas técnicas de Willis (1921), Hoffman et al. (1934), Faust et al. (1939) e quanto à contaminação por parasitas. Observou-se presença de E. coli em 80,95% (17/21) das amostras de água; com relação aos vegetais, 19 (45,23%) continham pelo menos uma espécie de parasita, tais como: ancilostomatídeos, Chilomatix spp., Dipillidium spp., Entamoeba spp., Strongyloides spp., Trichuris spp., larva de vida livre, larva de nematódeo, oocisto não-esporulado. Houve associação estatística entre o destino do esgoto (fossa seca) e a positividade aos parasitas. Os dados mostram contaminação fecal em número significativo de amostras e confirmam a necessidade de maiores exigências sanitárias durante o cultivo de hortaliças folhosas, que, na maioria das vezes, são consumidas cruas. 

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times