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Organelle association visualized by three-dimensional ultrastructural imaging of the yeast cell.

Authors
  • Perktold, Andreas
  • Zechmann, Bernd
  • Daum, Günther
  • Zellnig, Günther
Type
Published Article
Journal
FEMS yeast research
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2007
Volume
7
Issue
4
Pages
629–638
Identifiers
PMID: 17419771
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study was aimed at a better understanding of organelle organization in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae with special emphasis on the interaction and physical association of organelles. For this purpose, a computer aided method was employed to generate three-dimensional ultrastructural reconstructions of chemically and cryofixed yeast cells. This approach showed at a high level of resolution that yeast cells were densely packed with organelles that had a strong tendency to associate at a distance of <30 nm. The methods employed here also allowed us to measure the total surface area and volume of organelles, the number of associations between organelles, and the ratio of associations between organelles per surface area. In general, the degree of organelle associations was found to be much higher in chemically fixed cells than in cryofixed cells, with endoplasmic reticulum/plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum/mitochondria and lipid particles/nuclei being the most prominent pairs of associated fractions. In cryofixed cells, similar preferences for organelle association were seen, although at lower frequency. The occurrence of specific organelle associations is believed to be important for intracellular translocation and communication. Membrane contact as a possible means of interorganelle transport of cellular components, especially of lipids, is discussed.

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