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Orbital and external ocular manifestations of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A review of the literature.

Authors
  • Dalvin, Lauren A1
  • Smith, Wendy M1
  • 1 Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of clinical tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2016
Volume
4
Pages
50–57
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jctube.2015.11.001
PMID: 31723688
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that most commonly affects the lungs. However, extrapulmonary manifestations of TB can affect the eye and surrounding orbital tissues. TB can affect nearly any tissue in the eye, and a high index of suspicion is required for accurate diagnosis. Systemic anti-tuberculosis treatment is required in cases of ocular TB, and steroids are sometimes necessary to prevent tissue damage secondary to inflammation. Delays in diagnosis are common and can result in morbidities such as loss of an affected eye. It is important for ophthalmologists and infectious disease specialists to work together to accurately diagnose and treat ocular TB in order to prevent vision loss. This article reports the various known presentations of orbital and external ocular TB and reviews important elements of diagnosis and treatment. © 2016 The Authors.

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