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Oral findings and dental care in a patient with myelomeningocele: case report of a 3-year-old child.

Authors
  • de Queiroz, Alexandra Mussolino
  • Saiani, Regina Aparecida Segatto
  • Rossi, Cristhiane Ristum Bagatin
  • Gomes-Silva, Jaciara Miranda
  • Nelson-Filho, Paulo
Type
Published Article
Journal
Brazilian Dental Journal
Publisher
SciELO
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2009
Volume
20
Issue
5
Pages
434–438
Identifiers
PMID: 20126914
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a congenital malformation of the neural tube that occurs in the first weeks of pregnancy. This malformation refers to the caudal non-closure of the neural tube and neural tissue exposure, which lead to neurological problems, such as hydrocephalus, motor disability, genitourinary tract and skeletal abnormalities and mental retardation. Patients with MMC have an acknowledged predisposition to latex allergy and are usually at a high caries risk and activity due to poor oral hygiene, fermentable carbon hydrate-rich diet and prolonged use of sugar-containing medications. This paper addresses the common oral findings in pediatric patients with MMC, discusses the strategies and precautions to deal with these individuals and reports the dental care to a young child diagnosed with this condition.

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