Background: Porphyromonas gingivalis strain W83, one of the most widely investigated, is considered virulent in the context of periodontitis. The recently isolated P. gingivalis TDC60 has been reported to be highly pathogenic, although it has not yet been investigated in a mouse periodontitis model by oral gavage. Aim: Our aim was to compare the virulence of both strains by evaluating their impact on alveolar bone loss and the composition of oral microbiota. Methods: We inoculated by oral gavage C57BL/6 mice with either one of the two P. gingivalis strains and compared to a sham-treated group, without antibiotics pre-treatment. The mandibular alveolar bone of treated mice and controls were assessed, one month after the final inoculation, by microCT measurements. Moreover, at this time, we characterized their oral microbiota by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Results: While P. gingivalis W83 successfully initiated periodontitis, TDC60-treated mice only experienced moderate lesions. Furthermore, only W83-treated mice exhibited a specific distinct microbiota, with significantly lower richness and evenness than other samples, and decreased proportions of taxa usually found in healthy individuals. Conclusion: This association between alveolar bone loss and a major persistent shift of the oral microbiota gives insights into virulence discrepancies among these bacterial strains.