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Oral contraceptives are not an independent risk factor for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or high-risk human papillomavirus infections.

Authors
  • Syrjänen, Kari
  • Shabalova, Irena
  • Petrovichev, Nicolay
  • Kozachenko, Vladimir
  • Zakharova, Tatjana
  • Pajanidi, Julia
  • Podistov, Jurij
  • Chemeris, Galina
  • Sozaeva, Larisa
  • Lipova, Elena
  • Tsidaeva, Irena
  • Ivanchenko, Olga
  • Pshepurko, Alla
  • Zakharenko, Sergej
  • Nerovjna, Raisa
  • Kljukina, Ludmila
  • Erokhina, Oksana
  • Branovskaja, Marina
  • Nikitina, Maritta
  • Grunberga, Valerija
  • And 6 more
Type
Published Article
Journal
Anticancer Research
Publisher
International Institute of Anticancer Research
Publication Date
2006
Volume
26
Issue
6C
Pages
4729–4740
Identifiers
PMID: 17214333
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Sexual behaviour is different among OC users, non-OC users and in nonusers of contraception; these risk factors predispose women to HR-HPV, high-grade CIN, and determine the outcome of their cervical disease/HR-HPV infection. The use of OC is not an independent risk factor for any of these intermediate end-point markers of cervical carcinogenesis. Failure to record these epidemiological data inevitably leads to erroneous conclusions about the role of OC as an independent risk factor of cervical cancer.

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