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Optimizing case reports and case series: guidance on how to improve quality.

Authors
  • García-Doval, I1, 2
  • Albrecht, J3
  • Flohr, C4
  • Batchelor, J5
  • Ingram, J R6
  • 1 Research Unit, Fundación Piel Sana AEDV Madrid, Ferraz 100, 1° izda, 28008, Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 Department of Dermatology, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, Vigo, Meixoeiro sn, 36200, Vigo, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, J.H. Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County, 1900 West Polk Street, Chicago, IL, 60612, U.S.A.
  • 4 Unit for Population-Based Dermatology Research, St John's Institute of Dermatology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London, London, U.K.
  • 5 Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology, King's Meadow Campus, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, U.K.
  • 6 Department of Dermatology & Wound Healing, Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University, University Hospital of Wales, 3rd Floor Glamorgan House, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, U.K.
Type
Published Article
Journal
British Journal of Dermatology
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2018
Volume
178
Issue
6
Pages
1257–1262
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/bjd.16467
PMID: 29451697
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Case reports and case series remain an important part of journals and are often first to document medical breakthroughs. This article reviews their characteristics, aims and limitations. It provides information on how to increase the validity of the bedside decision-making process that these studies report, using tools such as validated outcomes and split-body or n-of-1 trials. A section describing tools to improve writing of case reports and case series provides suggestions for detailed reporting and good evaluation of novelty, validity and relevance. It includes general and British Journal of Dermatology-specific guidance. © 2018 British Association of Dermatologists.

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