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Optimisation of capillary gel electrophoresis method for enhanced separation of mRNA shortmers

  • Petersson, Nina
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
DiVA - Academic Archive On-line
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Advancements in the field of modified messenger RNA (mRNA) has led to new ventures in the pharmaceutical industry. However, new drug products demand new analytical methods to ensure the efficacy and purity of the drug. Capillary gel electrophoresis (CGE) with UV detection shows great potential for separation of mRNA samples due to the equal mass-to-charge ratio of mRNA and the flexible parameters of the CGE methods. This thesis investigates the optimal parameters of the capillary electrophoresis method, sample treatment procedure and sieving medium composition for enhanced shortmers separation of mRNA by CGE analysis. An RNA ladder with 100-1000 nucleotides and EPO mRNA with 900 nucleotides were used as model compounds. The effect of capillary dimensions and separation temperature on the resolution of the RNA peaks was established through comparative experiments. Sample treatment processes were evaluated to achieve an optimal conformation of the mRNA for CGE analysis. By heating the mRNA sample for 15 min at 80°C all multimers were seemingly eradicated. Moreover, it was found that addition of 4 M of urea to mRNA sample before heating resulted in improved peak shape. A sieving medium consisting of a mix of the two polymers polyvinylpyrrolidine (PVP) and hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) proved to have beneficial qualities for separation. The addition of sucrose as viscosity modifier in the sieving medium surprisingly further enhanced the resolution. Moreover, during the project a heavy wash was established which drastically improved repeatability of the analyses through more efficient regeneration of the capillary. ISSN:

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