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On Optimal Secure Message Transmission by Public Discussion

Authors
  • Shi, Hongsong
  • Jiang, Shaoquan
  • Safavi-Naini, Rei
  • Tuhin, Mohammed Ashraful
Type
Preprint
Publication Date
Nov 07, 2009
Submission Date
Jan 15, 2009
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

In a secure message transmission (SMT) scenario a sender wants to send a message in a private and reliable way to a receiver. Sender and receiver are connected by $n$ vertex disjoint paths, referred to as wires, $t$ of which can be controlled by an adaptive adversary with unlimited computational resources. In Eurocrypt 2008, Garay and Ostrovsky considered an SMT scenario where sender and receiver have access to a public discussion channel and showed that secure and reliable communication is possible when $n \geq t+1$. In this paper we will show that a secure protocol requires at least 3 rounds of communication and 2 rounds invocation of the public channel and hence give a complete answer to the open question raised by Garay and Ostrovsky. We also describe a round optimal protocol that has \emph{constant} transmission rate over the public channel.

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