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Operating region extension of a modular multilevel converter using model predictive control: a single phase analysis

  • Rodriguez-Bernuz, JM
  • Junyent Ferre, A
Publication Date
Mar 23, 2019
UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC


The Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) is the state-of-the-art topology for Voltage Source Converter HVDC (VSC-HVDC). Despite its advantages, this converter handles large internal low-frequency energy ripples and the capacitance that supports these dynamics is a key design parameter that affects the operating region of the converter. Different strategies can be found in literature to increase the feasible region of operation of the converter. Nevertheless, they are typically open loop in nature and use pre-calculated control references. This paper presents an alternative based on Model Predictive Control (MPC) that steers the system through optimal control trajectories that are calculated online. This provides feedback and corrective control action in real time. The predictive controller used for this purpose is presented and a Linear Time-Varying (LTV) approximation is used to reduce the computational burden of the algorithm. The feasible boundaries of the converter are sought and the final performance of the control algorithm is evaluated through detailed simulations using a switching model of the converter.

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