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One-step purification of two novel thermotolerant β-1,4-glucosidases from a newly isolated strain of Fusarium chlamydosporum HML278 and their characterization

Authors
  • Qin, Yongling1, 2
  • Li, Qiqian1, 2
  • Luo, Fengfeng1, 2
  • Fu, Yue1, 2
  • He, Haiyan1, 2
  • 1 Hechi University, Yizhou, 546300, China , Yizhou (China)
  • 2 Guangxi Colleges Universities Key Laboratory of Exploitation and Utilization of Microbial and Botanical Resources, Yizhou, 546300, China , Yizhou (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
AMB Express
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Oct 08, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13568-020-01116-1
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

A newly identified cellulase-producing Fusarium chlamydosporum HML278 was cultivated under solid-state fermentation of sugarcane bagasse, and two new β-glucosides enzymes (BG FH1, BG FH2) were recovered from fermentation solution by modified non-denaturing active gel electrophoresis and gel filtration chromatography. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the molecular weight of BG FH1 and BG FH2 was 93 kDa and 52 kDa, respectively, and the enzyme activity was 5.6 U/mg and 11.5 U/mg, respectively. The optimal reaction temperature of the enzymes was 60 ℃, and the enzymes were stable with a temperature lower than 70 ℃. The optimal pH of the purified enzymes was 6.0, and the enzymes were stable between pH 4–10. Km and Vmax values ​​were 2.76 mg/mL and 20.6 U/mg for pNPG, respectively. Thin-layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that BG FH1and BG FH2 had hydrolysis activity toward cellobiose and could hydrolyze cellobiose into glucose. In addition, both enzymes exhibited transglycoside activity, which could use glucose to synthesize cellobiose and cellotriose, and preferentially synthesize alcohol. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that F. chlamydosporum HML278 produces heat-resistant β-glucosidases with both hydrolytic activity and transglycosidic activity, and these β-glucosidases have potential application in bioethanol and papermaking industries.

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