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One year treatment with almitrine improves hypoxaemia but does not increase pulmonary artery pressure in COPD patients.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The European respiratory journal
Publication Date
Volume
4
Issue
10
Pages
1215–1222
Identifiers
PMID: 1804669
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Almitrine bismesylate, a chemoreceptor agonist, improves hypoxaemia in a high percentage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and its long-term use may thus be of interest in these patients. The course of pulmonary haemodynamics during a one year treatment was investigated in severe COPD patients (forced expiratory volume in one second FEV1 = 1,040 +/- 80 SEM ml) with persistent hypoxaemia (initial arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) in the range 6.6-8.6 kPa (50-65 mmHg]. Patients were given either almitrine (A, n = 27), 100 mg.day-1, during two consecutive months per quarter followed by a one month wash-out period (intermittent "schedule"), or placebo (P, n = 18) with the same schedule. Eleven patients in group A and 8 in group P could not complete the one year study because of lack of compliance, worsening of respiratory insufficiency, or for other reasons. In the remaining patients, PaO2 significantly increased in group A (n = 16) from 7.6 +/- 0.1 to 8.3 +/- 0.2 kPa (56.9 +/- 1.0 to 62.7 +/- 1.7 mmHg) (p less than 0.001) but not in group P (n = 10) from 7.5 +/- 0.3 to 7.9 +/- 0.3 kPa (56.1 +/- 2.3 to 59.1 +/- 2.1 mmHg). PaCO2 did not significantly change in either group. Pulmonary artery mean pressure (PAP) was stable in both groups: from 26.8 +/- 2.1 to 25.4 +/- 1.9 mmHg in group A, and from 20.6 +/- 1.1 to 20.9 +/- 1.5 mmHg in group P.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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