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One-step atmospheric pressure synthesis of the ground state of Fe based LaFeAsO1-d superconductor

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arXiv
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Abstract

We report an easy and versatile one-step route of synthesis for newly discovered Fe based superconductor LaFeAsO1-d with d = 0.0 to 0.15. Instead of widely used high-pressure-high-temperature (HPHT) synthesis, we applied the normal atmosphere solid-state reaction route. The stoichiometric mixtures of Fe, La2O3, La and As in ratio LaFeAsO1-d with d = 0.0 to 0.15 are sealed in an evacuated quartz tube and further heated at 500, 850 and 1100 0C in Ar for 12, 12 and 33 hours respectively in a single step. The resulting compounds are single phase LaFeAsO crystallized in tetragonal P4/nmm structure. These samples showed the ground state spin density wave (SDW) like metallic behavior below around 150 K. In conclusion the ground state of newly discovered Fe based superconductor is synthesized via an easy one-step solid-state reaction route.

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