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Odorant binding changes the electrical properties of olfactory receptors at the nanoscale

Authors
  • Lagunas, Anna
  • Belloir, Christine
  • Briand, Loïc
  • Gorostiza, Pau
  • Samitier, Josep
Publication Date
Oct 07, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.33774/chemrxiv-2021-ndbc9
OAI: oai:HAL:hal-03369182v1
Source
HAL
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The transduction of odorant binding into cellular signaling by olfactory receptors (ORs) is not understood and knowing its mechanism would enable developing new pharmacology and biohybrid electronic detectors of volatile organic com-pounds bearing high sensitivity and selectivity. The electrical characterization of ORs in bulk experiments is subject to microscopic models and assumptions. We have directly determined the nanoscale electrical properties of ORs immobilized in a fixed orientation, and their change upon odorant binding, using electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy (EC-STM) in near-physiological conditions. Recordings of current versus time, distance, and electrochemical potential allows determining the OR impedance parameters and their dependence with odorant binding. Our results allow validating OR structural-electrostatic models and their functional activation processes.

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