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Ocean resource use: building the coastal blue economy

Authors
  • Bax, Narissa1, 2
  • Novaglio, Camilla1, 2, 3
  • Maxwell, Kimberley H.4
  • Meyers, Koen5
  • McCann, Joy6
  • Jennings, Sarah2, 1
  • Frusher, Stewart2, 1
  • Fulton, Elizabeth A.3, 2
  • Nursey-Bray, Melissa7
  • Fischer, Mibu3, 2, 8
  • Anderson, Kelli1
  • Layton, Cayne1, 2
  • Emad, Gholam Reza1
  • Alexander, Karen A.1, 2
  • Rousseau, Yannick1, 2
  • Lunn, Zau9
  • Carter, Chris G.1, 10
  • 1 University of Tasmania,
  • 2 Centre for Marine Socioecology, Hobart, TAS Australia
  • 3 CSIRO, Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS Australia
  • 4 University of Waikato,
  • 5 AP University of Applied Sciences and Arts Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
  • 6 Australian National University,
  • 7 University of Adelaide,
  • 8 CSIRO, Oceans and Atmosphere,
  • 9 Fauna and Flora International, Yangon, Myanmar
  • 10 Blue Economy CRC, c/o Australian Maritime College,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 02, 2021
Pages
1–19
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11160-021-09636-0
PMID: 33679009
PMCID: PMC7922727
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Humans have relied on coastal resources for centuries. However, current growth in population and increased accessibility of coastal resources through technology have resulted in overcrowded and often conflicted spaces. The recent global move towards development of national blue economy strategies further highlights the increased focus on coastal resources to address a broad range of blue growth industries. The need to manage sustainable development and future exploitation of both over-utilised and emergent coastal resources is both a political and environmental complexity. To address this complexity, we draw on the perspectives of a multi-disciplinary team, utilising two in depth exemplary case studies in New Zealand and within the Myanmar Delta Landscape, to showcase barriers, pathways and actions that facilitate a move from Business as Usual (BAU) to a future aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the UN International Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021–2030. We provide key recommendations to guide interest groups, and nations globally, towards sustainable utilisation, conservation and preservation of their marine environments in a fair and equitable way, and in collaboration with those who directly rely upon coastal ecosystems. We envision a sustainable future driven by conflict mitigation and resolution,  where: (i) Change is motivated and facilitated (ii) Coastal ecosystems are co-managed by multiple reliant groups (iii) Networks that maintain and enhance biodiversity are implemented (iv) Decision-making is equitable and based on ecosystem services (v) Knowledge of the marine realm is strengthened—‘mapping the ocean of life’ (vi) The interests of diverse user groups are balanced with a fair distribution of benefits

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