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Occurrence of pppApp-synthesizing activity in actinomycetes and isolation of purine nucleotide pyrophosphotransferase.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of microbiology
Publication Date
Volume
107
Issue
2
Pages
183–187
Identifiers
PMID: 1259517
Source
Medline

Abstract

The occurrence of adenosine 5'-triphosphate-3'diphosphate-synthesizing activity was detected in five strains of actinomycetes; Streptomyces morookaensis, Streptomyces aspergilloides, Streptomyces hachijoensis, tactinomyces violascens and Streptoverticillium septatum, out of 825 strains of actinomycetes, bacteria, fungi and fungi imperficti. Purine nucleotide pyrophosphotransferase were extracellularly excreted associating with the cell growth, and were purified partially or to apparent homogeneiety from the culture filtrate. The enzymes are a monomeric protein with molecular weight of 18,000-26,000 and synthesize adenosine, guanosine and inosine 5'-phosphate (mono, di or tri)-3'-diphosphate such as pApp, ppA pp, pppApp, pGpp, ppGpp, pppGpp, and pppIpp by transferring a pyrophosphoryl group from the 5'-position of ATP, dATP and ppApp to the 3'-position of purine nucleotides in the presence of a divalent cation and in alkaline state.

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