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The occurrence of Echinococcus spp. in golden jackal (Canis aureus) in southwestern Hungary: Should we need to rethink its expansion?

Authors
  • Balog, Tamás1
  • Nagy, Gábor2
  • Halász, Tibor3
  • Csányi, Erika4
  • Zomborszky, Zoltán5
  • Csivincsik, Ágnes5
  • 1 SEFAG Forest Management and Wood Industry Share Co., Department of Game Management, Kaposvár, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 2 Kaposvár University, Department of Physiology and Animal Hygiene, Kaposvár, Hungary. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Hungary)
  • 3 SEFAG Forest Management and Wood Industry Share Co., Department of Game Management, Kaposvár, Hungary; Kaposvár University, Department of Physiology and Animal Hygiene, Kaposvár, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 4 'Fauna' South Transdanubian Hunting Party, Nagybajom, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 5 Kaposvár University, Department of Physiology and Animal Hygiene, Kaposvár, Hungary. , (Hungary)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Parasitology international
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2021
Volume
80
Pages
102214–102214
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.parint.2020.102214
PMID: 33137507
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Alveolar echinococcosis and cystic echinococcosis are severe zoonotic diseases caused by Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus s.l. in Europe. To present knowledge, in the European continent, the most important definitive hosts of these parasites belong to the Canidae family. The golden jackal as an opportunistic mesopredator frequently preys on rodents including arvicolids and other easily available food resources, such as viscera and other carrion. By these reasons, the golden jackal can promote the maintenance of both Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus s.l. Our investigation was conducted in the southwestern part of Hungary where one of the densest golden jackal populations exists. We examined altogether 173 golden jackal small intestines to determine the presence of Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus s.l. After the molecular diagnostic procedure, we found 27 Echinococcus multilocularis-positive (prevalence: 15.6%; mean intensity: 664 worms) and three Echinococcus granulosus s.l. infected hosts (prevalence: 1.7%; mean intensity: 554.3 worms). We suggest the invasion of the golden jackal in Europe can enhance the spread of both Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus s.l. This novel epidemiological situation can influence the geographical distribution of these helminths and the characteristics of their endemic in different host species, as well as in humans. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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