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An occupational cohort mortality study of women in the German rubber industry: 1976 to 1991.

Authors
  • Mundt, K A
  • Weiland, S K
  • Bucher, A M
  • Straif, K
  • Werner, B
  • Chambless, L
  • Keil, U
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1999
Volume
41
Issue
9
Pages
807–812
Identifiers
PMID: 10491797
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Few previous studies of workers in the rubber industry have focused on women. We examined patterns of mortality among 2871 women employed in one of five German rubber plants for at least 1 year on or after January 1, 1976, and observed through December 31, 1991. All-causes mortality was near that expected (standardized mortality ratio [lsqbSMR], 101; 95% confidence interval [CI], 87 to 118), but cancer mortality was decreased (SMR, 90; 95% CI, 70 to 115). Nevertheless, excesses were observed for mortality from stomach cancer (SMR, 156; 95% CI, 63 to 322), lung cancer (SMR, 140; 95% CI, 56 to 289), and lymphatic system cancers (SMR, 175; 95% CI, 48 to 448). Stronger associations were observed among sub-cohorts defined by time period hired. Despite limited numbers of deaths, modest excesses of mortality due to specific cancers were observed and are consistent with previous studies.

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