In this paper attention is focused on home delivery in the Netherlands, which still accounts for 36% of the total number of births delivered. Compared to countries with a similar level of socio-economic development, home delivery plays an important role within Dutch obstetric care. To understand this unique situation, one needs to have insight into the organization and structure of Dutch obstetric care which is described in the first part of this paper. In the second part of this paper regional differentiation in the relative importance of home delivery is described. Finally regression analysis is used in order to explain the observed regional pattern. A brief abstract from the vast amount of Dutch literature on the discussion between advocates and adversaries of home delivery is included in an appendix.